Aerial photography & videography overhead Warsaw
Conditions and limitation
Operating unmanned aircrafts - drones is subject to many rules despite only recent emergence and popularity of the technology. In particular commercial flying is subject to many regulations.
In order to familiarize this subject to potential customers we present some information that will allow a better understanding of these conditions, and thus help plan possible future orders.
BVLOS Certificate that our we obtained, gives us the right to operate ‘out of sight’ flights. Here, however, it should be noted that such flights are feasible only in airspace reserved, specifically for such flights, but more on that later in the handbook.
Out of Sight flight (BVLOS-Beyond Visual Line of Sight)
Performing out of sight flights is performed based on the so-called FPV (First Person View), or the live view from a camera mounted on a Drone and application / program cooperating with the drone in the air which is based on GPS positioning. This program allows you to plan routes in advance using satellite maps available on the internet. In areas where the Internet is not available, the map previously uploaded to the device for later use.
At the planning stage of your trip, you can take into account the so-called. POIs (Points of Interest), at which the camera will point during the flight. It is possible to plan the orbiting object, flight with the change in altitude, tracking a moving object and many others.
It is possible to plan the route so that the entire area is covered with photographic materials, used later to create ortophotogrametric maps or 3D images of objects or terrain.
Features of the program and can be also used during in sight flights (VLOS- Visual Line of Sight), which provides high precision shooting.
The range of the DJI Inspire 1 drone is generally limited to the range of control apparatus.
The manufacturer indicates it in dependence on the level of radio interference occurring in the vicinity as 3.5 - 5 km in the open. In practice, we can assume a 2 km radius operating both Phantom 3 and Inspire 1 drones. Both devices have a system called Failsave, which activates the automatic return to the starting point (Home Point), although there are other settings at the time of the loss of radio communication with the base station. During VLOS flights, drones must be seen, which is problematic from a distance of over 2 km. With flights BVLOS aspect of visibility drone of course does not matter.
Flights inside buildings
Flights within the building are related with the absence or poor quality of GPS signals and, therefore, the inability to define a reliable position of the drone. They additional precision and control from the operator and are therefore associated with a higher risk of damaging expensive equipment. Additional complication also comes from the effects of air conditioning and ventilation that affect the flights.
Flights outside - weather conditions.
Flights on the outside are heavily influenced by the weather conditions.
We do not fly in the rain.
The maximum wind speed is 10m / s. It should, however, take into account the wind at altitude drone, which can be much stronger (in extreme cases even several times) than the ground. This must be assessed prior to departure and be prepared for such a possibility. It may be necessary to perform a control flight to test the conditions, assessing the wind speed at different altitudes.
Solar wind is also an important factor in determining the flying conditions. It is a stream of energetic particles ejected from the crown of the sun which can cause significant disruption to Earth's magnetic field (geomagnetic storms), and thus interfere with the magnetic sensors of the drone, as well as affect the propagation of radio and operation of GPS (Global Positioning System) and GLONASS (Globalnaja Nawigacionnaja Sputnikovaya Sistiema ). The degree of disruption of the Earth's magnetic field is determined by the KP factor. More information the topic can be found on http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/planetary-k-inde... ; http://www.aurora-service.eu/aurora-school/all-abo... or in a number of mobile applications, eg. K-Index Monitor.
Kp higher than 5 is already considered to be a geomagnetic storm. It is advised to avoid drone flights as this condition can cause a complete loss of control of the drone (transition to the mode "Go to China" ;)).
Polish airspace, as well as other countries, is divided into zones. Polish airspace management is managed by the Polish Air Navigation Services Agency (PANSA) . Maps of all the zones of relevant to zone operators, can be found on the website of PAŻP/PANSA, as well as Google Maps.
Filming with a drone, as well as any other activities performed in the airspace zones require the consent of a body managing a particular zone.
The drone operators of our company have been included in the elite group of licensed operators placed in a database PAŻP/PANSA. This allows for a rapid process of issuing approvals.
Aerial photos of Warsaw are highly sought after, however, prepare drone flights over the left-bank Warsaw, requires a bit more formality, since Warsaw is also covered by several areas. One of them is the zone of ROL 48, managed and carefully protected by BOR (Government Protection Bureau). Nevertheless, it is possible to obtain permission to perform aerial photos, also in this area, especially since BOR honors base operators PAŻP/PANSA.
Taking pictures of the drone right bank of Warsaw as well as shots from the perspective of the left bank of the Vistula River does not require so many formalities. Here it is necessary only approval of the President ULC (Civil Aviation Authority) to fly over the cities above 25 thousand residents. Our company has received such a consent.
Out of sight flights (BVLOS), require the reservation of a separate airspace with